Wednesday, June 24, 2009

Graphical Summary of Various Projects& Plans for World Democracy EXPLANATION

A Model of Work Projects for Global Democratization

A Graph and Explanation Presented to the 1st Virtual Congress of the CWC, 2006,
by Kenneth J. KostyĆ³
[ The original graph can be found at ]

This table was drafted to provide a visual model of the variety of plans for global democratization. It positively reveals the wide spectrum of potential political action in the field of global democracy, but it negatively reveals how little is being done in some obvious areas.

The various plans being analyzed are organized from top to bottom on the left-hand side.
The vertical (y) axis entitled “Degree of Democratic Penetration” represents the “depth” of democracy promoted by the various plans. The plans near the top show moderate democratic intervention at the international level. These are more conventional plans starting with basic promotion of democracy within national governments by international actors. Towards the bottom of the vertical axis, appropriately, are “deeper democracy” plans involving more radical levels of citizen involvement in international politics. The most extreme or “deepest” of which would be direct democratic intervention at the transnational level represent here by legally enforceable international popular referenda.
The horizontal (x) axis entitled “Tools” represents the various types of societal engagement that can be taken to realize the plans. They are organized left to right from the lowest to the highest level of impact or potential for change. This table displays three societal sector tools (although more could be envisioned): academic, public awareness, and finally actual political / legal change.

The idea behind this table is that every idea for global democratization can be translated into actual action in different sectors of society.
We can illustrate this by using the well-known example of a popularly elected United Nations assembly (UNPA). UNPA can be written about and further explained and explored in academic journals. Moving to the right on this table we could imagine articles about UNPA in popular newsweekly magazines and then discusses at community meetings, etc.. Further to the right would be lobbying parliamentarians for an UNPA treaty and then the actual drafting of proposed enacting legislation. This processed would be finished i.e. at the farthest right point on our table when the UNPA is formally and legally established.
We can also use a well-known example to show vertical movement along this table. Let us take the example of a law review article written to show the legal applications of global democracy. This would obviously be an effort in the academic sector near the left of our table. Strauss and Falk have written about democratic reform of the United Nations. The work by Dr. Amersinge in support a world constitution would be “farther down” our graph because it is academic work in support of a more drastic level of democratic penetration at the world level.

This table shows that there is a very wide variety of creative projects in the field of global democratization. It also shows, however, that extremely little is being done in most of these areas. Almost every project is ignoring certain tools and/or is doing too little because there are too few funds or activists.
Our success and effectiveness as global democrats depends exclusively one exactly what steps we are taking in these fields and how effectively activists in the various fields are working together.

P.U. = parliamentary uniton – transnational parliamentary
assemblies composed of legislature selected from various
national legislatures.
Bretton Woods organs - World Bank, International Monetary Fund – also now the
World Trade Organization (WTO)

WF = World Federalist
NIGD - Finnish NGO
WPE - German NGO
VWG - Canadian NGO
Yellow highlight = cautionary remarks – even though there is work being down in this area there are still substantial problems to overcome.

Red text = no organized steps being taken in this area
Borders of the cells indicate how effectively activists within the fields are cooperating with each other.

Yellow = too little cooperation and Red = nearly no cooperation.

Friday, May 22, 2009

Student Government (original screenply)


"Based on actual historical events" appears on screen over a contemporary residential city street. ANDRES struts into view. He seems cocky, and is dressed in stylish clothing. He turns and walks into the doorway of a town house. RAP MUSIC is playing.


Andres walks through the door and closes it. His pace slows considerably as he walks upstairs.


OLDER JESUS (pronounced Hay-Suse) hears the DOORBELL. He is in his late seventies. He gets up slowly, but with dignity. His dress and the apartment's decor are proper, tasteful, and simple. He opens the door.

Hello, Andres.

Older Jesus seems happy and surprised to see Andres, but he acts reserved. He turns and walks back into the living room. Andres closes the door, and follows Older Jesus into the living room. Andres is acting agitated, and does not sit. He speaks in an urban drawl.

Hey, Pop.

Shouldn't you be in class?

No class today.

I'm not stupid, Andres.
(pauses briefly)
You used to be such a good boy.

Don't start busting me. I'm
just here to visit.


(handing him some folded
I brought you a present.

I do not need anything, especially
your ill-gotten money.


I did the best I could after your
parents died.

Take it.

Did you really think it would
be that easy?
(pauses briefly)
Maybe I was guilty of the same


Hopefully you will learn that
there are many things you cannot
buy with money. Fortunately,
I am still one of them.

Andres leaves the money, turns and closes the door behind him as he leaves. Older Jesus walks over to a record player, and turns on a SALSA that has a beat and revolutionary theme similar to the rap song. He walks into the kitchen and starts to make some tea. He gets weak. All of the SOUND DIES. He collapses to the ground. The only SOUND is the EXAGGERATED THUD of Older Jesus crashing to the ground. The SOUND DIES again and Older Jesus's hand knocks over the water. The water splashes his face. All the SOUND is DEAD except for the EXAGGERATED noise of SPLASHING. This is followed by the BARELY AUDIBLE SALSA, which continues after fade to black.


The MUSIC has changed to a much LOUDER version of the opening RAP SONG. Andres lights a cigarette and resumes his cocky strut along the city streets. He passes a group of three bums. Andres stops and talks to the stylish blond drug DEALER. Andres arrives at a school, and the MUSIC ABRUPTLY ENDS. He goes into the door.

Andres walks slowly into the hall and closes the door.


OLDER PEDRO is lecturing the class. He is dressed in priest's garb, and is in his mid seventies.

...Several students have joined
me on this trip before, and you
can ask them how fulfilling it
was. Many of you are Hispanic
like myself, and this is a good
way to learn about our culture,
and to serve our people.

Andres enters, and takes the only available seat, which is in the first row. He is slouching and unresponsive.
(to Andres)
Oh, what a rare treat. Where
were you this time?

Visiting my grandfather.

Even if that is true it's still
irrelevant. I want to speak with
you after class.
(addressing the class
For those of you who are not Hispanic,
this trip will be a good opportunity
to learn about a different culture.
We all need to live together,
and the more we know about each
other, the easier it will be for

The BELL RINGS. Andres hurriedly leaves before anyone else. Older Pedro does not have a chance to catch him.


Older Pedro is speaking into an intercom microphone.

Please excuse the interruption.


Andres is sitting in the back of another class. He instinctively walks towards the door the instant the announcement starts.

...Andres Fuente is on the premises,
please have him report to the
principal's office immediately.

Andres closes the door as he leaves.


Older Pedro is sitting impatiently at his desk. He looks at his watch several times. After the final glance, he bursts out of the office, and notices a nervous BOY waiting for him. Older Pedro impatiently addresses the Boy.

What do you want?

Nothing, sir. My teacher gave
me this slip for chewing gum,
but I...

Older Pedro interrupts the Boy by grabbing the slip, looking at it for about a second, and then crumbling it as he leaves.

Forget it.


Older Pedro opens the door and then slams it shut.

(calling out to the closed
Thank you, Father Pedro. I mean
Father Torre!


Cut quickly to Andres exhaling smoke. Older Pedro rushes in, grabs the pipe from Andres and throws it into the toilet. The embers in the pipe fizzle out in the toilet water.

At this moment of extreme tension, the Boy walks into the bathroom, and runs out frightened.

You don't know how stupid your
excuse was this morning.

(Seemingly stoned)

Your only visit was to a dead


Maybe you were too stoned to notice,
but your grandfather was dead
this morning.

After hearing this, Andres slowly slides downs the wall onto the floor. This is the most visually emotional he has been.

I was going to make a crack about
you murdering him, but you seemed
(sliding near Andres,
his tone softens)
One of the few redeeming qualities
you had left was your love for your grandfather.

Older Pedro pauses. Andres is stunned.

I called to confirm your story.
I knew there was a problem when
he didn't answer. He always stays
in on Tuesday morning to listen
to the Cuban music program on
the radio.

They both snicker reservedly.

I went over to check on him.
(pauses thoughtfully and
looks away)
I don't know why I got angry with
you. I don't know what I thought
happened--what you did. Did something

(Shakes his head no,
and then answers)
I mean he was upset, but he has
been for a while. He didn't have
any reason to live.

I don't believe you said that.
You know better. He did a decent
job of raising you. He had to
go through that twice. It was
him who was responsible for making
you tough, and then you went and
used it for all of the wrong reasons.

I was better at being tough than
he was.

You have no idea.

What do you know? You never had
to live with him. What would
anyone tell their priest anyway?
I went and did things--made a
life for myself. He just sat
in his room. He never lived.

You have absolutely no idea.
You should know we are...were
cousins. I have literally known
Jesus my entire life, but for
some reason it all seem to start--
almost everything in my life seem
to start around the time he went
to college...



Fade from Older Pedro's face to PEDRO's face. He is at a lawn party with costumes and surroundings that indicate that it is in the early 1930's, and the guests are aristocrats in a tropical nation. JESUS walks on screen. He starts to approach Pedro. They both are elegantly attired and intoxicated.


A huge gathering of slightly drunk and formally dressed people, some are wearing elaborate military dress uniforms. There are many servants present. "Havana, Cuba 1933" appears on screen.

(sarcasm to Jesus)
Enjoying yourself, Jesus?

Jesus stares at him with a bitter look.

Pretty soon you will be away from
all this.

So. At the University, I will
be dealing with the offspring
of all these disgusting people.

You never had trouble having a
good time.

The reason I act this way is because
I do have trouble having a good time.

I'm going to miss you. We are
two of a kind. The only two of
that kind it seems.

Yea, I suppose so.
Take care of yourself, Pedro.

I will.

You know what I mean. You got
to slow down. Nobody should act
like that at your age. I didn't,
and look how I turned out. Believe
me. You don't want to be any
worse off.

I'll be alright.
Did you hear? President Machado
is at this party.

So. I've met him before. He
is usually at the worst parties
not the best.

I know what you mean.

I'm going to walk around a little.

He gets up and walks towards the water. He sees and stares at MARIANA who is sneaking through the woods behind the house. She is extremely dark and beautiful, about Jesus's age, not as formally dressed as the other guests, and her hair is a too long for the event. Jesus accidently walks into the water.



There is a college party in progress. Everyone is formally dressed, and there is a great deal of alcohol. Jesus is drunk and slouching in a couch. There are servants present. Jesus stands up and walks away.


Jesus stumbles outside, and stares into a wading pond. He sees the reflection of Mariana behind him. He dashes after her, but it is too late.


Jesus stumbles back into the party, and grabs another drink. The other guests appear to be the sons of the guests at the lawn party in the previous scene. He addresses one person specifically, in the general direction of several others and finally to the crowd, all without any response amounting to more than a polite shrug.

Does anyone know who that girl
was? Who is she? You've seen
her before?
(stumbling over to a
phone and dialing)
Operator, get the Castillo-Torre's.


PEDRO'S FATHER gets out of bed to answer the PHONE. He is stern in his responses. Pedro is able to hear the conversation, but cannot be seen by his father. Pedro is fully dressed, and has a bottle in his hand.

(waits for response)
Yes, I think Pedro is here, but
I am sure he's sleeping.
Is that you, Jesus?
Is there something wrong? You
don't sound good. Are you calling
from the University?

Pedro's Father looks at the receiver as if he's been disconnected. Pedro turns and rushes out the door, and closes it.


Once outside Pedro jumps on his bike, which is on the ground near the house.


Pedro passes pools of water. It is extremely dark.


He stops at the University campus, and addresses several REVELERS.

Do any of you know Jesus

Most look at him strangely and continue walking. Two people slow down, and address him.

Yea, I know the name.

Do you have any idea where he
would be right now?

(quick and sarcastic)
From what I've heard, he should
be at the watering hole. I mean
it is after nine A.M.

(calling after them)
What is that? Is that a bar or
a house?

Pedro doesn't receive a response. He forgets his bike, lights a cigarette and runs huffing. He walks up to a place that seems to be holding a party. He walks in and closes the door.


Pedro walks into the house where Jesus was attending the college party. It is later and calmer.

Hello, do you know if Jesus
Castillo-Garcia is here?

Uh...I'm not sure. Is he supposed
to be here?

(pauses and tries to
sound convincing)
yes. My name is Pedro
(shakes hands)

Nice to meet you. Feel free to
look around. May I offer you

Thank you. Actually, I would
like to use your lavatory.

Yes, of course.

The Host gestures up towards the bathroom, and Pedro dashes in that direction.


Pedro closes the bathroom door. He turns and looks down. Jesus is passed out in the toilet and is wearing an untucked formal shirt without the collar. His suspenders are hanging down. Pedro sighs, bends down with difficulty, looks in, and then FLUSHES the toilet. He starts to finish the drink, and then throws it into the toilet as he passes somewhat backwards.


of the ceiling slowly rotating. There is a LOUD sigh from Jesus followed by a long pause.


between Jesus and Pedro as they converse. They don't look directly at each other. The conversation is delayed by a pause after every single phrase.


Is that you, Pedro?


What am I doing here?

You are suppose to be studying
at the University, but until three
minutes ago you were stewing in
your own digestive juices.

Is that you, Pedro?


What the hell are you doing here?

I overheard you talking to my
father. I came to rescue you.

I was talking to your father?


What did I do that? I...why did
I do that?
(long pause)
Rescue me from what?

I don't know. I'm in pretty bad
shape myself. It seemed like
the noble thing to do at the time.
I guess I was just looking for
an adventure.

You don't know what?


You don't know why I called your
father or you don't know why I
needed to be rescued?

Both. Let's get out of here.

Jesus closes the door behind them.

The stuffy guests are staring at Jesus and Pedro with disbelief. Pedro has also unbuttoned his shirt, and he has a towel around his neck. Jesus and Pedro try to remain cool while leaving. The door is shown closing, but not opening. The uptight students are stunned.

Jesus comes back, takes a bottle and leaves again. The door closes.


Jesus reenters, and walks with forced dignity into the bathroom. He closes the door. Pedro mechanically follows the same routine after a short pause. The stuffy students watch with unbelief.


Pedro stares at the toilet, FLUSHES it, and goes over to the tub where he finds Jesus. Pedro stumbles over and turns on the shower.


The visibility is cut by mist.


Direct cut to the mist resulting from the two of them jumping into a pond, coming out naked and drying off and lounging against a tree. Jesus takes a drink from a flask. They both light cigarettes and relax for a moment.

I think my reputation at that
school is ruined already.

I wouldn't worry about it.
God, I just figured out what you
meant in the bathroom. You were
trying to reach me when you called,
not my father.

I was drunker than you for a change.
I shouldn't do that anymore.

You just said that fifteen minutes
(no response)
That bike ride really took it
out of me.
Oh damn! I forgot my bike.

It will be there in the morning.
Anyway, we can afford plenty of

That's not the point. I mean,
what else do I forget if I forget
what I was riding?

They both lean up.

It's time for both of us to polish
our acts.

Yea, I don't want to get started
on the same road all through university
Speaking of which, shouldn't you
be at school in a few hours?

Yea, I guess so.
We could both use a free day in
the city to clear our heads.

I guess it couldn't hurt to sign
one more pass.
We didn't sleep one bit.

That's good. I never sleep any
more. I've been too excitable.

I use to be the same way. Lately
I've been sleeping all the time.
It's good to get back in these
habits. The sun is starting to
come up.


Pedro and Jesus approach an earthen road that cuts through the beautiful tropical lush, which is beginning to be bathed in red light. Pedro is only wearing underwear and a shirt.



Jesus and Pedro walking down the road. A cheery SALSA starts. The light, MUSIC and distance all build together.


They approach the city, which is coming awake. MUSIC is slowly replaced by the SOUNDS of a CITY.

What a great city!


(extremely shocked)
What the hell was that?

I don't know. It probably came
from the docks. We should find
some clothes before we get any
farther into town.

How do we do that exactly?

I don't know. There aren't any
stores near here. By the time
anything opens, half the day will
be wasted.
(pauses and looks around)
I would really rather not get
any closer to the docks until
I cover my butt.

I got it.

Pedro approaches a MAN working with what appears to be laundry or disposed clothing. He addresses him cheerfully and sincerely.

(continuing to the Man)
Hello, sir. My friend and I had
a rough night--fell into a sewer
and that sort of thing. What
would you want for some of those
clothes there?

I don't know. I mean what do
you want? What do you got?

Anything at all, hopefully a pair
of pants for my friend
(searching pockets of
non-existent pants)
Shit. I guess I left my wallet
in my pants somewhere.
(thinking and then handing
the Man his watch)

Yes, sir. Take what you want.
Take it all.

They go through clothing, and quickly take a piece or two for each of them. They start to walk away towards a side street.

Have a nice day.

Yes, sir.

They put on clothes that are ridiculously too big for them. Pedro's pants are tied by a rope.

I can't believe you gave him your
watch. These clothes don't fit
very well considering we could
have bought a couple of cheap
suits for what you paid for them.

Who wants cheap suits? These
are more fun.


Jesus and Pedro are still exploring around. They come across the harbor area, which is active with sailors and small vendors.

The next necessities are my treat.
I don't think any proper establishments
are open yet so we'll just get a loaf of bread. Something we can carry
around with us all day. I think
these cufflinks should do.

That's the spirit.

They stop and buy a huge loaf of bread and coffee, and Pedro puts pieces of tropical fruit into his pocket. They sit down on the dock and warm their faces with the steam rising from their cups. SIMON approaches. He is casually dressed in his sailor's clothes.

Do you guys want to buy a tooth?

No thanks. I already have some.

It probably came from a political

(placing the tooth up
to his mouth.)
Actually it looks a little too
big. My guess is that it's shark.

They laugh. Pedro addresses Simon.

What do you mean?

Most of the bodies we pull out
of the water are political prisoners
who have committed suicide.

What do they do jump from prison
all the way into the water?

Well the police give them a push
for the last twenty miles or so.

Are you serious?

You guys aren't from around here.

We're university students.

You don't look like it, but you're
acting like it.

We had a rough night.

What's your name?

Simon De La Fuente. How about
you guys?

Jesus Castillo-Garcia.

Pedro Castillo-Torre.

You guys related?

Yea, cousins

(making stabbing motion
with tooth)
You boys take an easy, and make
sure you keep these things out
of your sides.

What was that all about?

I don't know. Don't worry about
The steam rising from the cup
is warming my face.
It feels good.

Jesus leans his forehead against the far rim of the cup, and pauses for a contemplative moment. He then leans up, and stretches his neck.

You know what? I remembered why
I tried to call you last night.
I think I saw that girl again.

I don't know what I was thinking,
but I wanted to ask you about her.
(waits for and does not
receive response)
Do you know her?

(pauses nervously)
Uh, yea.

What's her name? How do you know

Uh, Mariana

How do you know her?

Uh...her parents are friends of
the family.
Why do you ask?

I think it's obvious why I ask.
Anyway, I find it hard to believe
that your parents have friends
like that.

Can we eat?

Let's go to our fathers' club.
Wouldn't that be ironic.

Do you have a death wish?

As much as you do.

Well fine. Let's go.

We are going to need some proper

Let's go.

As they start to walk away. They are stopped by the STUDENT VICTIM. He looks and acts as if he is extremely agitated. He addresses Jesus.

Jesus! Can I stay with you for
a few days?

Thursday, May 21, 2009

The Medina Constitution

This is a document from Muhammad the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), governing relations between the Believers i.e. Muslims of Quraysh and Yathrib and those who followed them and worked hard with them. They form one nation -- Ummah.

The Quraysh Mohajireen will continue to pay blood money, according to their present custom.

In case of war with any body they will redeem their prisoners with kindness and justice common among Believers. (Not according to pre-Islamic nations where the rich and the poor were treated differently).

The Bani Awf will decide the blood money, within themselves, according to their existing custom.

In case of war with anybody all parties other than Muslims will redeem their prisoners with kindness and justice according to practice among Believers and not in accordance with pre-Islamic notions.

The Bani Saeeda, the Bani Harith, the Bani Jusham and the Bani Najjar will be governed on the lines of the above (principles)

The Bani Amr, Bani Awf, Bani Al-Nabeet, and Bani Al-Aws will be governed in the same manner.

Believers will not fail to redeem their prisoners they will pay blood money on their behalf. It will be a common responsibility of the Ummat and not of the family of the prisoners to pay blood money.

A Believer will not make the freedman of another Believer as his ally against the wishes of the other Believers.

The Believers, who fear Allah, will oppose the rebellious elements and those that encourage injustice or sin, or enmity or corruption among Believers.

If anyone is guilty of any such act all the Believers will oppose him even if he be the son of any one of them.

A Believer will not kill another Believer, for the sake of an un-Believer. (i.e. even though the un-Believer is his close relative).

No Believer will help an un-Believer against a Believer.

Protection (when given) in the Name of Allah will be common. The weakest among Believers may give protection (In the Name of Allah) and it will be binding on all Believers.

Believers are all friends to each other to the exclusion of all others.

Those Jews who follow the Believers will be helped and will be treated with equality. (Social, legal and economic equality is promised to all loyal citizens of the State).

No Jew will be wronged for being a Jew.

The enemies of the Jews who follow us will not be helped.

The peace of the Believers (of the State of Madinah) cannot be divided. (it is either peace or war for all. It cannot be that a part of the population is at war with the outsiders and a part is at peace).

No separate peace will be made by anyone in Madinah when Believers are fighting in the Path of Allah.

Conditions of peace and war and the accompanying ease or hardships must be fair and equitable to all citizens alike.

When going out on expeditions a rider must take his fellow member of the Army-share his ride.

The Believers must avenge the blood of one another when fighting in the Path of Allah (This clause was to remind those in front of whom there may be less severe fighting that the cause was common to all. This also meant that although each battle appeared a separate entity it was in fact a part of the War, which affected all Muslims equally).

The Believers (because they fear Allah) are better in showing steadfastness and as a result receive guidance from Allah in this respect. Others must also aspire to come up to the same standard of steadfastness.

No un-Believer will be permitted to take the property of the Quraysh (the enemy) under his protection. Enemy property must be surrendered to the State.

No un-Believer will intervene in favour of a Quraysh, (because the Quraysh having declared war are the enemy).

If any un-believer kills a Believer, without good cause, he shall be killed in return, unless the next of kin are satisfied (as it creates law and order problems and weakens the defence of the State). All Believers shall be against such a wrong-doer. No Believer will be allowed to shelter such a man.

When you differ on anything (regarding this Document) the matter shall be referred to Allah and Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace).

The Jews will contribute towards the war when fighting alongside the Believers.

The Jews of Bani Awf will be treated as one community with the Believers. The Jews have their religion. This will also apply to their freedmen. The exception will be those who act unjustly and sinfully. By so doing they wrong themselves and their families.

The same applies to Jews of Bani Al-Najjar, Bani Al Harith, Bani Saeeda, Bani Jusham, Bani Al Aws, Thaalba, and the Jaffna, (a clan of the Bani Thaalba) and the Bani Al Shutayba.

Loyalty gives protection against treachery. (loyal people are protected by their friends against treachery. As long as a person remains loyal to the State he is not likely to succumb to the ideas of being treacherous. He protects himself against weakness).

The freedmen of Thaalba will be afforded the same status as Thaalba themselves. This status is for fair dealings and full justice as a right and equal responsibility for military service.

Those in alliance with the Jews will be given the same treatment as the Jews.

No one (no tribe which is party to the Pact) shall go to war except with the permission of Muhammed (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). If any wrong has been done to any person or party it may be avenged.

Any one who kills another without warning (there being no just cause for it) amounts to his slaying himself and his household, unless the killing was done due to a wrong being done to him.

The Jews must bear their own expenses (in War) and the Muslims bear their expenses.

If anyone attacks anyone who is a party to this Pact the other must come to his help.

They (parties to this Pact) must seek mutual advice and consultation.

Loyalty gives protection against treachery. Those who avoid mutual consultation do so because of lack of sincerity and loyalty.

A man will not be made liable for misdeeds of his ally.

Anyone (any individual or party) who is wronged must be helped.

The Jews must pay (for war) with the Muslims. (this clause appears to be for occasions when Jews are not taking part in the war. Clause 37 deals with occasions when they are taking part in war).

Yathrib will be Sanctuary for the people of this Pact.

A stranger (individual) who has been given protection (by anyone party to this Pact) will be treated as his host (who has given him protection) while (he is) doing no harm and is not committing any crime. Those given protection but indulging in anti-state activities will be liable to punishment.

A woman will be given protection only with the consent of her family (Guardian). (a good precaution to avoid inter-tribal conflicts).

In case of any dispute or controversy, which may result in trouble the matter must be referred to Allah and Muhammed (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) of Allah will accept anything in this document, which is for (bringing about) piety and goodness.

Quraysh and their allies will not be given protection.

The parties to this Pact are bound to help each other in the event of an attack on Yathrib.

If they (the parties to the Pact other than the Muslims) are called upon to make and maintain peace (within the State) they must do so. If a similar demand (of making and maintaining peace) is made on the Muslims, it must be carried out, except when the Muslims are already engaged in a war in the Path of Allah. (so that no secret ally of the enemy can aid the enemy by calling upon Muslims to end hostilities under this clause).

Everyone (individual) will have his share (of treatment) in accordance with what party he belongs to. Individuals must benefit or suffer for the good or bad deed of the group they belong to. Without such a rule party affiliations and discipline cannot be maintained.

The Jews of al-Aws, including their freedmen, have the same standing, as other parties to the Pact, as long as they are loyal to the Pact. Loyalty is a protection against treachery.

Anyone who acts loyally or otherwise does it for his own good (or loss).

Allah approves this Document.

This document will not (be employed to) protect one who is unjust or commits a crime (against other parties of the Pact).

Whether an individual goes out to fight (in accordance with the terms of this Pact) or remains in his home, he will be safe unless he has committed a crime or is a sinner. (i.e. No one will be punished in his individual capacity for not having gone out to fight in accordance with the terms of this Pact).

Allah is the Protector of the good people and those who fear Allah, and Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is the Messenger of Allah (He guarantees protection for those who are good and fear Allah).

Wednesday, May 6, 2009

The World Democracy Museum Workplan (draft)

A Communications Platform of Global Democracy Resource

1 introduction and SUMMARY

Total Cost for First Year € 45,000.00
Required to Commence € 15,000.00
Amount Requested € 4,500.00 / 13,500.00

Our Mission and Vision

We are dedicated to freedom and democracy, and to communicating effectively about their manifestations, history and future, sources and threats. We are telling the story of freedom to help communities worldwide make real the long cherished dream of self governance.

We focus on political democracy and on the broader concept of community freedom. We believe community freedom to mean groups of people can solve problems most effectively when they assume their rights and develop solutions for themselves, as well as collectively establish the rules by which they can execute those solutions. Community freedom is an ongoing dynamic present throughout human experience; one surviving in brutal dictatorships as well as still developing in long established democracies.

Our Overall Objective

To tell the story of freedom effectively, we are building the world’s first thorough democracy museum. In its full development, we will have created a useful, ongoing, and collaborative (a) museum of democracy; (b) a democratic museum; and (c) a museum for democracy.

a. The World Democracy Museum is a museum in a traditional sense. It is intended to be a thorough electronic portal for all things related to freedom and good governance, a full service, “one stop shop” for democracy related information and resources;
b. We will not leave democracy on shelves. The World Democracy Museum is also a new type of living, community museum (Museum 2.0). It will be interactive: allowing users to add their own materials and descriptions and choose how to contextualize these material in the overall story of democracy as presented in the Museum. This will allow people to tell their own community’s story of freedom from their unique perspective. Different communities worldwide will work together to plant and grow this collaborative museum. The people also will give life to the World Democracy Museum by being directly involved in its governance;
c. The World Democracy Museum is also a new type of activist museum. The organizational home of the Museum is an advocacy organization, the GDR, which is an NGO active in the global democracy movement After the establishment of Museum projects, the World Democracy Museum will participate in the community through other civil society projects.

Why the World Democracy Museum is Needed

Steps and stumbles on the road to freedom are our shared heritage. It is a thrilling narrative, which is being composed and recomposed. The ongoing struggle for popular governance is one of the oldest and most important undertakings in history. It is, therefore, surprising there is no museum focusing on it. There certainly is none focusing on democracy as an integral movement in the world. There is no museum or gallery or academic center focusing on history of democracy or democracy in art. There does not seem ever to have been a thorough touring exhibition on any of these important and fascinating subjects. There is also no exhaustive library, no academic center, nor recurring film festival on freedom and good governance and its history and other aspects. There is no center on freedom as an inspiration for and influence of architecture or film. There is no literary anthology; virtual or otherwise. There is not an exhaustive online library or portal focusing on history of democracy or law of democracy or new developments in democracy.

The story of freedom has something to teach about solutions to current and future problems. Someone wanting to witness the narrative and learn its important lessons would need to go to hundreds of libraries and thousands of webpages. This situation is inconvenient, but worse, it prevents the narrative from living and teaching us effectively. Failure to provide a holistic picture of democracy perpetuates a false implication that democracy is something belonging to any one place or time. It is important to understand there is no overall portal to assemble and present democracy as a philosophy and movement of all times and places, intrinsic to many aspects of social and political life. There is also a need to present good governance as something that flourished in different times and places thus dispelling myths that democracy is “European”.

How the World Democracy Museum is Timely

Democracy as a form of government has spread dramatically over recent decades. There has been a contemporaneous increase in real and perceived threats to democracy (e.g., increased cross border criminality, surveillance technology, voting fraud, mass poverty, etc.). In summary, democracy is a hotter topic than it was in past decades. This has increased the immediacy of needing to learn more about democracy, its workings, and what causes it to fail.

GDR specifically designed the Museum to respond to several important trans-national trends:

a. Proliferation of physical and electronic museums and increase in their perceived
economic importance;
b. Alteration in the culture and functionality of the worldwide web (web 2.0). Users expect or demand interaction. People want to do more than look at content. They want to download and edit it, post their own content, comment and respond to other comments. This information flood has given rise to community portals – an effort to organize all the information on one subject into one website (i.e. sites of different media related by theme versus single medium sites of different themes such as You Tube );
c. Proliferation of the third sector of the economy (civil society and NGOs);
d. Breakdown of various types of organizational forms. Once clear divisions between sectors of society are blurred by public/private partnerships, privatization of municipal functions, NGOs/IGOs assuming government tasks, foundations established by companies, et cetera.

How the World Democracy Museum Meets Needs

We will close the gap between existing needs and trends. Instead of addressing any one issue, we are creating a thorough and dynamic community portal on freedom and democracy; assembling and then disseminating geographically dispersed material. Activities will begin immediately in the form of a grassroots start-up. Rather than wait for large institutional funding and elite endorsements, we will begin with eager partners and donators, free software, and volunteers. We believe the power of this plan and the ideas behind it will attract adequate resources.

Our Internal Governance

The World Democracy Museum is housed in Stichting World Democracy Library, an incorporated Dutch foundation conducting activities as Global Democracy Resource (GDR). The management of the Museum itself will be an exercise in democracy. The Board of Directors will be assembled to represent a cross section of world communities and beliefs. The Board of Directors has plenary legislative authority, and management is delegated to the Coordinator who will represent the Coordination Team (executive authority) on the Board of Directors. All donors to the World Democracy Museum are represented in a proportional amount of membership. Citizens may join the World Democracy Museum as members, and collectively elect representatives on the Board of Directors. Members also will be able to make resolutions directly online in a members’ corner on the webpage. Resolutions are passed at the regular general meetings. This is a bold and useful step forward in Web 2.0, which includes, like Wikipedia, citizen input, but more importantly, the World Democracy Museum includes actual citizen involvement in its governance.

GDR will design and coordinate the Museum. We will work to attract members and organizational partners, who may participate democratically. We are seeking a combination of experience and contacts of mature institutions and motivated focus of smaller, newer organizations.

Our Target Audience

The World Democracy Museum’s primary audience will be democracy activists and organizations, researchers and teachers. The material will also be enjoyable and useful for the general public as a secondary audience. In full development, we will provide useful resources to citizen activists worldwide to be used for democratization efforts.

Our Orientation

There will be introductions to concepts of freedom and democracy; themselves often in conflict and debatable. It is important to note the World Democracy Museum is non-partisan and non-sectarian—perhaps more accurately pan-partisan and pan-sectarian. We will let visitors and members take an active part in the debate, and make their own conclusions.

Summary of Main Activities

The main projects of the World Democracy Museum will be the first exhaustive online library dedicated to a full range of democracy issues. This will be multimedia communications portal allowing visitors to download (and upload) written, audio, and visual material. We will also feature the history of democracy and its future developments projects. This will contain an interactive map and timeline to facilitate learning. There will be an ever expanding number of special projects to outline interesting and useful themes related to democracy (democracy e-xhibits). In all projects, members and visitors will have an opportunity to upload and download material and to comment upon it, etc. as well as purchasing related material in an online store. There will be a dedicated user friendly website (and domains) for the Museum. When possible, all materials will be distributed free of charge.

Our Location

“Decentered” and international with Netherlands coordination.

Organization of Material in the World Democracy Museum

In a short time, the Museum will gather materials covering a wide variety of times and places. For both internal and external purposes, materials will be organized into four general categories:

Theme e.g., e-democracy, direct democracy;
Time e.g., year, exact date, century, historical period;
Place UN members with accommodation for other groups and historical states;
People encyclopaedic summary of important men and women in the story of freedom.

There will also be special categories for the democracy e-xhibits.

Members and users of the World Democracy Museum will be able to categorize the material they upload by indicating (via pull-down menus) the themes and countries, etc. they believe are relevant to the material they are adding to the Museum. The quality of this process will be monitored by the Coordination Team.

An example: a user will be able to interface with the material via a timeline (time category) and map (place category), and to be able to post their own article about people power (theme category) in the Philippines (place category) in the 1980s (time category).

Grouping of material by categories will allow viewers exploring material in one category to easily access information in another. For example, someone viewing material for the above example will have the option to review pop-up entries regarding people power revolutions in Ukraine and democracy movements in the Philippines during the Nineteenth Century as well as an external links to Wikipedia articles on Corazon Aquino (people category). There also will be other external links to well known portals (e.g., YouTube,, and Freedom House, etc.).

Timeline and the Activities

This Workplan explains the start-up phase of the World Democracy Museum. It is envisioned that this will take one year. At the end of a year the Museum will not be finished, but the functionality described below will be established and the process of “filling the Museum” will have begun in earnest. The activities are classified as Objectives and Democracy e-xhibits. The Objectives are the basic and necessary functionalities, which will be established at the launching of the Museum. The Democracy e-xhibits below are meant to give a sample of the envisioned special focus projects. The Democracy e-xhibits in this Workplan can be commenced in course of the start-up of the Museum. The actual Democracy e-xhibts pursued will depend on funding and partners.

Potential Competitors and Problems

There are some projects dedicated to democracy in particular areas (e.g. Greece, South Korea, American campaign pins). It is more accurate to view these efforts as potential partners than competitors. None are exploring democracy throughout the world, and none are interactive. The market niche of the World Democracy Museum is unique. The designers of the Museum have intentionally planned an early and inexpensive commencement. This allows many to get involved as quickly, but it also means a similar project could be started elsewhere. The story of popular governance is a long and complex one, and it certainly can support many centers with different focus. We welcome that, and even hope to inspire such competition. There are countless museums dedicated to money or maritime history. An important area like democracy deserves as much if not more attention. The collaborative governance of the World Democracy Museum will allow Members to respond to new needs and variables as they develop.

2 description of PROGRAM OBJECTIVES AND activities

Objective 1 – The World Democracy Bibliography and Library
Develop comprehensive bibliography of democracy related materials and assemble or create digital versions of available materials to be hyperlinked to continuously updated online multimedia (written, audio, visual, etc.) library that can be freely accessed, downloaded, and printed.

Potential Initial Democracy e-xhibits

The Banned Books Project
Special feature assembling / analyzing forbidden political materials throughout the ages;

The Center for World Constitutions
A special feature presenting all constitutions in the world (national, sub-national, supra-national, and past and present) as well as summaries and searchable database broken down by various themes. This feature will allow visitors to rank and rate the various building blocks of constitutions and to reassemble them so as to “create their own constitution”.

Objective 2 – The Art of Democracy Project
Develop an online gallery of art related to freedom and democracy. This will include all media (written, video, music, etc.), and will be organized by the categories above.

Potential Initial Democracy e-xhibit

A House for All the People Project
A special feature focusing on democracy’s influence on architecture (particularly public buildings and spaces) and how this has evolved with democracy throughout the ages.

Objective 3 – The History of Democracy Project
We will create the first center dedicated to history of democracy. This will be a comprehensive, interactive multimedia service dedicated to self governance throughout the ages. Museum material will be presented via a dynamic map/timeline allowing visualization of democracy developments. As users move along the timeline, points will pop-up on map locations that were hotspots in democracy at the time indicated. The pop-ups will provide a brief explanation and can be clicked for a fuller explanation as well as relevant links to relevant material (internal and external). This will include democracy e-xhibits on interesting focal points of recurring and trans-national themes in history of freedom, such as world revolutions, democracy’s third wave, etc.. There will be a particular emphasis on ‘non-traditional’ areas of democratic development such as in the developing world and history of democracy in places other than the classical and Franco/Anglo worlds.

Potential Initial Democracy e-xhibit

On the Track of Freedom Project
A feature providing information regarding where and how to see and experience democratic history; a sort of first ever tourist guide for the evolving story of freedom.

Objective 4 – The New Frontiers in Democracy Project
We will fully present developments and emerging movements in the area of democracy (e.g., direct, economic, and electronic democracy, parliamentarianism, local assemblies, etc.).

Objective 5 – The World Town Square
We will create a feature allowing members and users to suggest or upload their own materials as well as comment on the materials and respond to others and to tag[i] the material according to categories they believe to be relevant.

Objective 6 – The Democracy Corner Store
We will subcontract an online service for the commercial provision of materials not yet in the public domain, and to sell related merchandise.

Objective 7 – The Members’ Corner
We will create a website area where members may post resolutions regarding governance and/or content of the World Democracy Museum and otherwise engage the World Democracy Museum itself and other members.

Future Objectives – World Democracy Museum Goals for Growth

a. Language

During this start-up phase of the World Democracy Museum, the working language will be English. We intend to translate the material as soon as practically possible into all the other official U.N. languages and ultimately in the languages of the world spoken by more than one hundred million people. The first focus will be on Mandarin, Hindi, Spanish, Arabic, Russian, Portuguese, French, Japanese, and Urdu. Since the foreseeable workload and budget will not permit for this, we will rely on volunteer translators for the most important materials. A future fundraising program will be conducted to secure translation resources.

b. World Democracy Communications Platform Expansion

Our decentralized virtual education model can be expanded and applied to other democracy related topics. Another natural growth path the Coordination Team could follow is to design creative and interesting projects utilizing material gathered in the World Democracy Museum. For example, an online World Citizen Film Festival. New democracy e-xhibits will be added regularly. Prioritization of these can be done in cooperation with funders and partners. For example, we can work with certain cities or companies to raise necessary funds to examine and display the relevance of democracy in particular areas or sectors. Individuals and/or groups in our membership community can also contribute to creating democracy e-xhibits.

In the second year of operations, the Coordination Team would like to invite a variety of democracy scholars and political historians, etc. to assemble a board of experts for the World Democracy Museum. The most important task would be to monitor the Museum material for accuracy. It would also provide another forum to reflect a diversity of peoples and ideas.

To increase visibility of the World Democracy Museum, we intend to include an officer to create media outreach tools to more thoroughly promote the World Democracy Museum. This officer can be charged with the production of several useful and freely accessible democracy education tools such as e-study guides, course models, and (home) study packages. There are several professors in the global democracy movement who have shown interest in this and can provide an outlet. We envision a World Citizens’ Guide to World Governance as an early project.

c. World Power Watch Program

This is a natural and useful extension of the work of the Museum and part of logical and practical growth: We initially will assemble and disseminate existing (static) content. We will then focus on doing this with newly created (dynamic) material and ultimately will participate in creating new material. The World Democracy Museum can utilize skills it assembles during its first years to become a more active partner in the larger democracy movement. We can become a democracy social entrepreneur and catalyst for new projects. In addition to having social value unto themselves, participation in a wider variety of projects will provide an opportunity to reach a wider audience. The World Power Watch Program will be the substantial step in the World Democracy Museum becoming an active citizen of world civil society. This Program will provide interesting materials directly to visitors, but it will also serve as a center for activism. The members will be able to do as well as to learn.

We will select various concentrations of political power and shed light on them by researching and reporting. We envision a clearinghouse of learning and activism around threats to democracy. We will gather, analyze, and disseminate information on the state of governance and freedom in the world in a process similar to the ‘surveying, analyzing, reporting, training, and advocating’ done by Transparency International for transparency or Human Right Watch for human rights. Despite the success and value of such organizations, there are still large and basic gaps, which we will focus on filling. Potential activities could include creating a first ever comprehensive information center on the world’s various monarchs featuring a database comparing and contrasting their powers and privileges (“Monarchy Watch”), and applying the same watching, rating, and training methodology to the proliferating private militia companies (“Mercenary Watch”). Special focus could be placed on the varying legal status of such entities. We also could introduce open source map mash-up[ii] technology so citizens worldwide can blog, etc. about their varying experiences with these non-governmental armed organizations but also indicate where the experience occurred, which will be translated on a map for the viewers. Another example could be working with NGOs and parliaments, etc. worldwide to assemble the first exhaustive list of elected officials and other power players (the “Who Speaks for You?” Project). This would allow visitors to complete a short and basic form to generate a list of names and contact details of individuals and agencies representing the user at various government levels.

d. World Democracy Museum – Physical Institution

Research shows virtual visitors outnumber physical visitors at the world’s major museums[iii]. Starting with an online museum lowers start-up costs and allows a more physically dispersed audience to be reached nearly immediately. The electronic platform will allow for quicker and cheaper gathering materials, particularly those scattered throughout the world. Over time, if the amount of physical material and the needs of the member community demand a physical home for the World Democracy Museum, we will consider this option at that time.

3 OVERALL MONITORING and evaluation Methodology

Evaluation Procedures
• Self monitoring (by both the Coordination Team and Board of Directors) through continuous measurement of the goals versus results;
• Ongoing survey on the website for users as well as follow-up surveys of members;
• Monitor number of websites linking to the World Democracy Museum;
• Monitor level of users’ printing and downloading of material;
• Disaggregate socio-demographic data of users (also sector and organizational affiliation);
• Posted request on website for ongoing suggestions, corrections, and other feedback (and e-mail address and online form provided for ease of responsiveness) as well as a standard citation and request for users of materials to credit GDR as the source of materials and to inform us how they are using the materials.

Evaluation Indicators
• Hits, unique visits, and links to the website;
• Number of people directly and indirectly involved as well as gender and age diversity;
• Geographic diversity of users and the number being members of vulnerable groups;
• Quality and quantity of feedback gathered from participants;
• Amount of material processed and level of new material generated;
• Media exposure (both old and new media).

Expected Results
• Facilitated learning through worldwide distribution of easily accessible and free material;
• Nurtured notion of democracy as diverse set of beliefs and practices;
• Presented democracy as result of long and interesting history and philosophy;
• Demonstrated democracy is salient in different parts of the world and different cultural contexts;
• Provided visibility to large amount and diversity of democracy materials;
• Assembled largest possible amount and widest spectrum of materials in same place;
• Further encouraged more and more diverse works by providing an additional outlet for them;
• Provided additional exposure to and interest in democracy works;
• Further augmented the collection of the World Democracy Library with new work;
• Broadened and enriched the debate regarding governance reform;
• Strengthened ties in democratization community by provision of centralized free collaboration;
• Encouraged sharing of experiences and best practices;
• Generated new thinking about governance and new ideas about how it can be reformed;
• Increased number of visitors to the World Democracy Museum with each new activity;
• Provided place for newly interested parties to participate and get involved;
• Provided additional content to parties worldwide to use in their democracy related work;
• Brought new attention to old/out-of-print works and in doing so helped conserve patrimony.

• Website hits increase by 1,000 per month;
• 1 substantive contribution by visitor per month included in the bibliography;
• 1 work per week downloaded, printed, etc.;
• Hits, links, visitors, and members from 40 countries on 3 continents;
• 150 members by the end of the third year of operations;
• A reasonable amount of gender parity and age distribution after 2 years of activities;
• Apply to I.C.O.M. (and “.museum” domain) within 18 months of commencement;
• Museum covered in at least ten related civil society or other newsletters.


Initial Human Resource Requirements

a. Coordinating Officer

To act as permanent employee but may commence activities on a part time contract basis to minimize initial fixed costs:
Extensive knowledge and connections in law, governance, and global democracy movement;
Familiarity with (researching) democracy literature and other materials;
Experience in international organizations and law and finance to incorporate the trans-national structure and Board of Directors and to manage the books and operations of a small start-up Coordination Team;
Experience with civil society and other start-ups as well as familiarity with open source content management systems.

b. Web Development Specialist

A sub-contracted service or individual:
To develop the website (basic functionality and design themes);
To establish ongoing content management system (open source – Drupal).

Initial Marketing Requirements

The Museum will have a logo and trade dress (designed by volunteers) as well as some very basic printed marketing tools (e.g., business cards) to distribute at meetings, etc., but the vast majority of marketing will occur through new media and social networking channels. This is much more cost efficient, but it is also more effective at quickly gathering interest among younger populations. This is also important to appeal to this online audience, since the World Democracy Museum itself will commence activities as an electronic project and will position itself as a collaborative museum / museum 2.0.

Time Requirements

The World Democracy Museum is designed to be a permanent enterprise of all citizens interested in freedom and good governance. The activities described above will be ongoing and will be commenced upon the securing of a minimum amount of funds. These are envisioned to be able to be started in one year, and to reach some fruition during that time. The potential initial democracy e-xhibits described above are an example of what is able to be done with the resources detailed herein. Initial focus will be on getting the Museum started and making it sustainable. More activities and democracy e-xhibits will be added as resources become available. The more fundable democracy e-xhibits will be prioritized.

5 financial requirements (Budget)

Please see Annex A

[i] “Tag” is a new term associated with Web 2.0 methodologies meaning a keyword associated with and assigned to information and/or data allowing this information to be classified together with other information similarly tagged and thus accessible together under certain search functions, et cetera.

[ii] “Mash-up” is a new term associated with Web 2.0 methodologies describing information and/or data assembled together with information from another source and media creating a new presentation. The most common example is GoogleMaps, which allow users to take textual or photographic information and situation on a related location on a map.

[iii] See for example, ECSITE Annual Conference Report (December 2004) by R. Hawkey at .